what's going on guys black Scout survival and we're in the colder months of the year right now and so I I had to discuss with my uncle the other day and uh he's a stud with you know SAR guy search and rescue and stuff like that and he was we were talking about this and he actually brought up a during his.
Ass search and rescue training one of the guys had made up this saying and I loved it and you know it's about knowledge transfer on another guy's name we're outside you know say it but I love transferring knowledge about you know good good things that I've heard but he said that during the presentation there too my layering your clothing you know.
And stuff like that so you know when you're looking at a wilderness survival cold-weather survival your first you know in the rule of threes you know three hours in a harsher environment will take your life you know hyper hyper hyper thermia hypothermia you know in hot environments as well you know that's something you need to you know look at.
First so your first line of defense against that is your shelter and then that comes down your clothing first you need to be prepared clothing wise so anyhow what he said is this guy was teaching his class and and he said a wiki wore me wet II and windy so the four dub yes and so we'll kind of go through that and basically a lot of you.
Know about clothing is layering how you layer your clothing and in the Marine Corps you know we we learned that very early as far as our clothing systems they issued us and and you know you don't really know why you're you're wearing it but then you realize and they teach us a little bit on a layer clothing and they say that you know it's.
Never bad weather it's bad clothing so when you look at you know the four W is the wiki what that's talking about as your base layer now your base layer is the next two skin layer and you want to use something that moves perspiration that is the the biggest thing as far as that anybody you talked to moving the perspiration away from the body and I.
Got a few base layers here right here's a merino wool I love merino wool now merino wool will move the perspiration into and absorb it into the material so it'll hold the moisture but a wool retain is like 80% of its warming value even when wet so it'll move that you know that moisture off your body I like it if merino wool feels good it's.
It is expensive this is a minus 33 I think I paid about $50 for the top $50 for the bottom and it's great stuff I love it feels very good it's not itchy and I'll put links all these below but -33 is some of the best stuff that I've ever used now this is something if you you know moderate activity you're outside now extreme movement you want to.
Have something that's like wicking now like me and my aunt this actual I'm talking about we go to Montana quite a bit and then snowmobile I may wear something more like this where I'm more active Under Armour this is actually my old military base layer that's why you can see the tactical I don't know if they make this version anymore this is.
The cold layer and this actually totally wicks the moisture away from your body so it doesn't have I guess the warming value that something like -33 would you know if you're bushcrafting this stuff this maybe if you're doing you know an endurance hike you may want to use something more like this you know but if you sit and you start you know staying.
Dass all you could get cold with this but it's very good for heavy movement that's why I wore this in the Marines humping you know kept the moisture away from me so good stuff as far as that they have different you know types of base layers like you can get different weights of base layers so you can get you know lightweight midway in an.
Expedition weight you know very they have even thicker merino wool expedition weight type stuff as well for really cold environments but base layers is something that's very important also the bottoms I'm actually wearing my minus 33 is right now and then when you talk about socks you know I wear icebreaker smart wool and stuff like that my feet.
Never get cold and I always wear wool on my on my feet because it's the furthest thing away from my heart and the blood has to go further away also you know like just an example you guys probably felt this if you ever want a rain jacket with a cotton shirt you probably felt clammy and terrible because the cotton held all that.
Moisture you know even if you didn't get it wet you got a wet from perspiration you know so that's something you wanna look at what base layers - cotton is a terrible base layer the next W is warm e so we're going to talk about the insulation you have so like right now I got a fleece on that's a good uh you know synthetic warmth warming warm II.
Layer this is a Prometheus design works they make great stuff I love for me his design works this is a hoodie and the good thing about the hoodie now now something like the quarters it like this this is you get hot you can unzip it let the you know air come out now the you'll see some guys wear the complete zip fleece is I don't really like that cuz.
They're lots less a lot of air into now if you see this hoodie that Prometheus has this is a lighter weight Polartec but it doesn't have any zipper here anything so it keeps all that you know body heat in it's not gonna let it get out so same thing with this I'm really active I can unzip this some people use that with their base layers - that was.
Zipping base layers they can let and you know get cool and regulate that temperature so that's the main thing its moisture management and regulating that temperature you can also get different weights of Polartec you have one hundred two hundred and then I think it's like an extreme pro or something like that polar Tech is really good fleece for.
Synthetics you can also use merino wool like sweaters and stuff like that my good friend Jason Lester / bushcraft makes the boreal shirt which I will wear in real you know cold environments if I'm not moving around a lot it's real thick 100 cent wool product so you can also use wool as a warming layer the best warming layer is a Down insulator.
Now I do have a Patagonia down jacket they're highly the pros of the that is they're highly compact compact you can pack them down the problem is is that they lose insulation with it's a goose down so if it gets wet totally loses insulation the other thing is is that you can't really be around a fire and stuff because you'll you know melt it or.
Ember get something totally destroy the jacket so goose down is part of the bed saying if you put it over a shell over amazing warmth because it's almost like we're in a sleeping bag you got your fleece which is a synthetic material it has its moderate when wet I mean I'm not gonna say it totally loses it like some people because I've been.
Wet with fleece it doesn't totally lose it but it's kind of miserable so if you think you're gonna get wet merino wool may be your better option and you can wear merino wool sweaters you know in the military back in the day they said the whole button up tonight I think I have one somewhere but it has two button-up wool sweater it's not marina a.
Little butts wool sweater you wear under in it it's a very good insulator so that's your warming the next thing we're looking at is uh we got Wicky war me windy and wet II so windy we need something that's gonna stop that wind and so this is a softshell you have soft shell and hard shell jackets and the good thing about.
This is the layers you can take on and put on take off and put on as you get warmer or whatever so this is going to have this has a DWR finish it's not totally waterproof but it will some some water will come off but it is wind proof right this one has a little bit of a fleece lining a lot of them don't but soft.
Shells are good they move around a lot they're really quiet great for hunting great for military guys so that's why this this is a multicam military style jacket it doesn't make a lot of noise like a hard shell does you'll hear a hard shell especially you hunters you know you won't sound like a soft shell thing out know when you talk about wet.
Conditions you're gonna want like something like a shell like this this is a Mountain Hardwear the good thing about this is this is designed for backpacking hiking so it's really lightweight really compact see that Mountain Hardwear there and now this has a dry evaporation type cells in here so it pushes out moisture.
Moisture management that's what I like about this I'll put this on with something like this and be really warm I'll knock the wind off and it's waterproof okay now this is a pretty expensive jacket I think it's a hundred and some odd dollars a kit so not everybody can afford something like this but it is good if you.
In highly compressible highly packable and it pushes that moisture away from you and it's a lighter shale now North Face you know makes ski jackets and stuff like a lot of these outdoor brands do or they you can zip in the fleece its insulator this one you just pair up with a you know a fleece insulator just put it over it but that's a type of a rain.
Shell hardshell type deal they like I said they do have hard tougher ones and then you have old military poncho now the good thing about this is it's really open at the bottom so you're gonna get a lot of ventilation you're not gonna get sticky and feel gross like you may would with this and a cotton shirt this is gonna give the air to come up under and.
You know keep your dry but or dry you out if you're perspiring and this is gonna keep you you know dry from the rain outside so these things you can get really cheap now but it's a great cheap option it's really packable too so you put in your bug out bag your truck or whatever you're moving around you can also use as a ground tarp so it has a.
Lot of different options for that and that's a wet II layer as well now this is a windy and wet II option and this is more of a just weddy option because it has you know the big opening of the bottom so it's not gonna protect you really well from wind so you can also use it as a tarp setup as well so back again real quick just to cover you know.
Snow is another issue that you may have and and you can get higher-end mountaineering jackets if you're in deep snow thick stuff the problem is that they should allow some evaporation but they're not going to allow a lot that's why it's good to be able to unzip and stuff like that Anna interacts a lot of people will have as an outer shell it's.
Not really that good though because you can't allow that evaporation oh you can open this up and allow us that it is trapping all that moisture in there so let's remember again real quick the for Doug is the wiki wore me windy and wet II good tools to use you know to think about how you're layering this is a you know serious winter survival type stuff.
And we'll try to do some more winters or videos in the next few months as well cold outside so anyhow guys hope you enjoy it thanks for watching black model
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